Below you can find bibliography of valuable contributions in English that explicitly or implicitly relate to neomedievalism useful for prognostics and are useful in constructing a neomedieval theory of globalization.  If you found a valuable contributions, please send them to greglewicki [at]

Integral approach (network neomedievalism)

Lewicki, G. (2021), Neomedievalism explained. 7 key megatrends that are transforming XXIst century, [available online]

Lewicki. G (2017), (ed.), Cities in the Neomedieval Era, Impart, Wroclaw 2016/2017 [available online]

Lewicki, G. (2010), Welcome to the New Middle Ages! Network Neo-medievalism, Pulaski Policy Papers, November [available online]

International relations:

Bull, H. (2002) [1977], The Anarchical Society, Columbia University Press, New York.

Dobos, B. (2020) New Middle Ages. Geopolitics of Post-Westphalian World.

Dreher, R. (2017), Neoliberalism Vs. Medievalism, The American Conservative, 3 Jan, available online [available online]

Finn, N. (2004), Neo-medievalism and Civil Wars, Routledge, London.

Holsinger, B. (2016), Neomedievalism and international relations, in. L. d’Arcens, The Cambridge Companion to Medievalism, Cambridge University Press

Kaplan, R. (2016), Europe’s New Medieval Map, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 15, [available online]

Kaplan, R. (1997), Was Democracy Just A Moment?, The Atlantic, Dec [available online]

Kaplan, R. (1994), The Coming Anarchy, The Atlantic, Feb. [available online]

MacKenzie, D. (2014), End of nations: Is there an alternative to countries?, New Scientist, 3 September 2014 [available online]

Sassen, S. (2008), Territory, Authority, Rights: from medieval to global assemblages (Updated edition), Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Slaughter, A.M. (2016), How to Succeed in the Networked World: A Grand Strategy for the Digital Age, Foreign Affairs, November/December [available online]

Zielonka, J. (2007), Europe as Empire: The Nature of the Enlarged European Union, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Culture and civilization:

Eco, U. (1986), The Return of the Middle Ages [in:] U. Eco, Travels in Hyperreality, Harcourt Brace & Company, Orlando.

Spengler O. (1923), Der Untergang des Abendlandes. Umrisse einer Morphologie der Weltgeschichte.

Toynbee, A., A Study of History, Oxford, v. V (1940), v. IX (1954), v. XI (1959), v. XII (1961).


K. Fugelso (ed.) Defining Neomedievalism(s) (2010), Boydell & Brewer

S. G. Nichols, The New Medievalism: Tradition and Discontinuity in Medieval Culture, in: Bloch, H. and Nichols, S.G. (1996) (red.), Medievalism and the Modernist Temper, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Society and technology:

Slaughter, A.M. (2016), How to Succeed in the Networked World: A Grand Strategy for the Digital Age, Foreign Affairs, November/December [available online]

Kobrin, S.J. (1998), Back to the future: neomedivalism and the postmodern digital world economy. The Journal of International Affairs, Spring, p. 361-386.


Terlouw, K. & Weststrate, J. (2012). Regions as vehicles for local interests: the spatial strategies of medieval and modern urban elites in the Netherlands. Journal of Historical Geography, 40, pp. 24-35.

Cesaretti R. et al. (2016), Population-Area Relationship for Medieval European Cities, PLOS One, 05.10 [available online as PDF]


O’Brien (1920), An Essay on Medieval Economic Teaching, Longmans, Green and Co., London.

Pitt, J. (2020), The BigTech-Academia-Parliamentary Complex and Techno-Feudalism, Technology and Society, September 24th [available online]